[GUIDE] How Long To Cook Foods In Air Fryer

Air fryers have gained immense popularity in recent years as a healthier alternative to deep frying. They use hot air circulation to cook food, resulting in crispy, delicious dishes without the need for excess oil. Whether you’re a novice or a seasoned chef, mastering the art of cooking in an air fryer can elevate your culinary skills. From crispy fries to succulent chicken wings, an air fryer can handle a wide variety of foods with ease. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of cooking foods in an air fryer, including selecting the right foods, preparing them, determining the optimal cooking temperature, and mastering the cooking times.

Quick Answer: How Long To Cook Foods In Air Fryer

While there isn’t a one-size-fits-all answer to the cooking times for foods in an air fryer, as the duration can vary based on the type and quantity of food, a general rule of thumb is to cook most foods at a temperature of 350°F for 12-20 minutes. However, it’s essential to adjust the cooking time and temperature based on the specific food being prepared. In the following sections, we’ll explore the nuances of cooking different types of foods and how to determine the optimal cooking parameters for each.

Choosing Foods

One of the most significant advantages of an air fryer is its versatility when it comes to the types of food it can cook. From vegetables and meats to snacks and desserts, the possibilities are endless. When choosing foods to cook in an air fryer, consider the following factors:

  • Thickness: Thicker cuts of meat or vegetables may require longer cooking times to ensure they are heated through evenly.
  • Type of Food: Certain foods, such as breaded items or foods with high moisture content, may require specific cooking techniques to achieve optimal results.
  • Quantity: Cooking larger quantities of food at once may necessitate adjusting the cooking time and shaking the basket periodically to ensure even cooking.

Preparing Foods

Properly preparing your foods before placing them in the air fryer can significantly impact the outcome. Here are some tips for preparing different types of foods:


When cooking vegetables in an air fryer, start by washing and drying them thoroughly. You can then toss them in a small amount of oil and seasonings to enhance the flavor. Ensure the vegetables are cut into uniform sizes to promote even cooking. For denser vegetables like potatoes or carrots, consider par-cooking or cutting them into smaller pieces to expedite the cooking process.


Before cooking meats in the air fryer, pat them dry with paper towels to remove excess moisture, which can impede the crisping process. Season the meat with your preferred spices or marinades and consider lightly coating breaded items with a thin layer of oil or cooking spray for optimal crispiness.

Frozen Foods

Many frozen foods, such as french fries, chicken nuggets, and fish sticks, can be cooked directly from frozen in the air fryer. However, for best results, it’s advisable to preheat the air fryer and periodically shake the basket during cooking to prevent sticking.

Baked Goods

When preparing baked goods like pastries or dough-based snacks, it’s essential to lightly coat them with oil or cooking spray to promote browning and prevent them from drying out during the cooking process.

Air Fryer Temperature For Cooking Foods

The temperature setting for cooking foods in an air fryer plays a crucial role in achieving the desired texture and doneness. While most air fryers come with pre-set temperature options, it’s beneficial to understand the ideal temperatures for different types of foods:

  • Meats: For meats such as chicken, beef, or pork, a temperature of 360-400°F is often recommended to ensure a juicy interior and crispy exterior.
  • Vegetables: Most vegetables cook well at temperatures between 350-390°F, allowing them to caramelize and develop a delightful crunch.
  • Frozen Foods: Frozen foods typically require higher temperatures, around 360-400°F, to achieve optimum crispiness and ensure they are thoroughly heated.

It’s important to note that the cooking temperature may need to be adjusted based on the specific food being prepared, so it’s advisable to refer to individual recipes or guidelines for precise temperature recommendations.

Air Fryer Cooking Time For Cooking Foods

Determining the optimal cooking time for different foods in an air fryer is crucial to achieving excellent results. While the cooking times can vary based on factors such as food thickness and quantity, the following are general guidelines for various foods:


  • Chicken Breast: Cook at 360°F for 15-18 minutes, flipping halfway through.
  • Pork Chops: Cook at 380°F for 12-15 minutes, flipping halfway through.
  • Steak: Cook at 400°F for 8-12 minutes, flipping halfway through.


  • Shrimp: Cook at 400°F for 5-7 minutes, shaking the basket halfway through.
  • Salmon: Cook at 380°F for 10-12 minutes, depending on the thickness of the fillet.


  • Broccoli: Cook at 360°F for 8-10 minutes, tossing halfway through.
  • Brussels Sprouts: Cook at 380°F for 12-15 minutes, shaking the basket occasionally.

Frozen Foods

  • French Fries: Cook at 360°F for 15-20 minutes, shaking the basket every 5 minutes for even crisping.
  • Chicken Nuggets: Cook at 380°F for 10-12 minutes, flipping halfway through.

Baked Goods

  • Cheese Biscuits: Cook at 350°F for 8-10 minutes, rotating the tray midway through.

It’s important to keep in mind that these are general guidelines, and actual cooking times may vary based on the specific air fryer model, food quantity, and desired level of doneness.

Mastering the art of cooking foods in an air fryer involves understanding the intricacies of choosing the right foods, preparing them appropriately, and determining the optimal cooking temperature and time. By adhering to the guidelines outlined in this comprehensive guide, you can unlock the full potential of your air fryer and create an array of delectable dishes with ease. Experiment with different foods, temperatures, and cooking times to discover the perfect combinations that cater to your palate. With practice and a solid understanding of the fundamentals, cooking foods in an air fryer can become a delightful and rewarding culinary experience.

How To Cook Foods In Air Fryer

Air fryers have gained immense popularity in recent years as a healthier alternative to traditional deep frying. They use hot air circulation and minimal amounts of oil to crisp up food, resulting in delicious and healthier dishes. If you are new to air fryers, you might be wondering how to cook various foods in them, how to adjust cooking time and temperature, and what cooking techniques work best.

Cooking with an air fryer is fairly straightforward, but there are a few things to keep in mind to achieve the best results. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to cook foods in an air fryer:

  1. Preheat the Air Fryer: Preheating the air fryer is essential to ensure even cooking. Most air fryers have a preheat function, which typically takes about 3-5 minutes. If your air fryer doesn’t have a preheat setting, simply set the temperature to your desired cooking temperature and let it run for a few minutes before placing the food.

  2. Prepare the Food: While the air fryer is preheating, you can prepare your food. Make sure to pat dry any excess moisture on the surface of the food, as this will help achieve a crispier result. If you’re cooking chicken or meat, you can season it with your favorite herbs and spices or marinate it for added flavor.

  3. Place the Food in the Air Fryer Basket: Once the air fryer is preheated, place the food in the air fryer basket. For foods like fries or veggies, it’s important not to overcrowd the basket. Leave enough space for the hot air to circulate and ensure even cooking. For larger items like chicken breasts or fish fillets, you might need to cook them in batches.

  4. Set the Temperature: Adjusting the temperature is crucial for achieving the desired texture and doneness of your food. Most air fryers have temperature settings that range from 180°C (350°F) to 200°C (400°F). For reference, higher temperatures are ideal for foods that need to be crispy, like fries or chicken wings, while lower temperatures work well for more delicate foods like fish or pastries.

  5. Set the Time: After setting the temperature, you need to determine the cooking time. The cooking time can vary depending on the type and thickness of the food. Air fryer recipes usually provide guidelines for cooking time, but it may require some trial and error to find the perfect timing for your specific air fryer. We will discuss adjusting cooking time in more detail in a later section.

  6. Start the Air Fryer: Once you’ve set the temperature and cooking time, start the air fryer and allow it to work its magic. It’s a good idea to check on the food halfway through the cooking process and give the basket a little shake or flip the food to ensure even cooking.

  7. Check for Doneness: Towards the end of the cooking time, it’s crucial to check if the food is cooked to your liking. Take a quick peek and use a food thermometer when cooking meat to ensure it reaches the recommended internal temperature. If the food needs more time, simply add a few extra minutes and continue cooking.

  8. Serve and Enjoy: Once your food is cooked to perfection, remove it from the air fryer and let it cool for a minute or two. Serve it while it’s still hot and enjoy your crispy and delicious creation.

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Cooking Time For Frozen Foods

One of the greatest advantages of air fryers is their ability to cook frozen foods quickly and easily. Whether it’s frozen chicken tenders, fries, or even frozen desserts, air fryers can transform them into crispy delights. However, cooking times for frozen foods in an air fryer can differ based on the type and brand of the air fryer. Here are some general guidelines for cooking common frozen foods:

  1. Frozen French Fries: Preheat the air fryer to 200°C (400°F). Place the frozen fries in the basket and cook for approximately 15-20 minutes, shaking the basket once or twice during cooking. The exact cooking time may vary depending on the thickness of the fries and the desired level of crispiness.

  2. Frozen Chicken Wings: Preheat the air fryer to 200°C (400°F). Place the frozen chicken wings in the air fryer basket in a single layer, making sure they don’t overlap. Cook for approximately 25-30 minutes, flipping them halfway through for an even golden brown finish.

  3. Frozen Fish Fillets: Preheat the air fryer to 190°C (375°F). Place the frozen fish fillets in the basket, ensuring they are not overcrowded. Cook for around 12-15 minutes, flipping them halfway through. Check for an internal temperature of 63°C (145°F) to ensure they are fully cooked.

  4. Frozen Chicken Tenders: Preheat the air fryer to 190°C (375°F). Place the frozen chicken tenders in the basket, leaving space between them for even cooking. Cook for approximately 12-15 minutes, flipping them once halfway through to achieve a crispy coating.

Remember, these cooking times are just a starting point. It’s essential to monitor the food’s doneness and adjust the cooking time accordingly. Additionally, different air fryer models may have variations in cooking time due to differences in airflow and heating elements. It’s always best to consult the instruction manual for your specific air fryer or refer to reputable air fryer recipes for more precise cooking times.

Adjusting Air Fryer Temperature For Cooking Foods

The temperature setting plays a significant role in how your food turns out in the air fryer. Adjusting the temperature allows you to control the level of crispiness, browning, and cooking speed. Here are some tips for adjusting the air fryer temperature when cooking foods:

  1. Higher Temperatures for Crispiness: If you want your food to have a crispier texture, especially when cooking foods like fries, chicken wings, or breaded items, it’s best to set the temperature closer to the higher end of the recommended temperature range. The higher heat ensures that the food gets crispy on the outside while remaining tender on the inside.

  2. Lower Temperatures for Delicate Foods: For more delicate foods like fish, pastries, or reheating items, it’s advisable to set the temperature towards the lower end of the suggested temperature range. Lower temperatures help maintain the desired texture without overcooking or burning the food.

  3. Experiment with Temperature: Every air fryer is slightly different, and you may find that certain foods turn out better at slightly higher or lower temperatures. Don’t be afraid to experiment and fine-tune the temperature settings based on your personal preferences and the desired outcome.

  4. Consider the Cooking Time: When adjusting the temperature, it’s essential to consider the cooking time as well. Higher temperatures often result in shorter cooking times, while lower temperatures may require a bit more time. Be mindful of the balance between temperature and cooking time to ensure your food is cooked thoroughly without drying out or burning.

  5. Recipe Recommendations: Some air fryer recipes provide specific temperature settings for optimal results. If you are using a recipe, it’s advisable to follow the recommended temperature initially and adjust it in subsequent attempts based on your preferences.

Adjusting Air Fryer Cook Time For Cooking Foods

Cooking time is another critical factor when using an air fryer. Adjusting the cook time allows you to achieve the desired level of doneness and texture for various foods. Here are some tips for adjusting the air fryer cook time when cooking foods:

  1. Consider Food Thickness: The thickness of the food affects the cooking time in an air fryer. Thicker cuts of meat or vegetables will require more time to cook thoroughly, while thinner items will cook faster. You may need to adjust the cooking time accordingly.

  2. Monitor the Food: It’s essential to monitor the food as it cooks in the air fryer. Check the progress halfway through the cooking time and adjust if needed. For example, if you notice the food browning too quickly, you can reduce the cook time or lower the temperature slightly to ensure it cooks evenly.

  3. Flip or Shake: For foods that need even cooking or browning, such as French fries or chicken wings, consider flipping or shaking the basket halfway through the cook time. This ensures that all sides of the food are exposed to the hot air, resulting in an even and crispy texture.

  4. Follow Recipe Recommendations: If you are following a specific air fryer recipe, it’s advisable to adhere to the recommended cook time initially. Based on your preferences and the doneness of the food, you can adjust the cook time in subsequent attempts to achieve the desired outcome.

  5. Keep a Record: To become an expert in using your air fryer, keep a record of the cook times for various foods. This way, you’ll have a go-to reference guide for future cooking endeavors, and it will help you refine your technique over time.

Cooking Techniques

Beyond adjusting temperature and cook time, there are various cooking techniques you can employ to achieve different culinary results in your air fryer. Here are some commonly used cooking techniques:

  1. Roasting: Air fryers are excellent for roasting vegetables and meats. Toss your favorite vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts, carrots, or bell peppers, in a little oil, seasonings, and spread them in a single layer in the air fryer basket. Roast them at the desired temperature, shaking the basket occasionally for even browning. Similarly, you can roast a whole chicken or a pork loin by adjusting the temperature and cook time based on the weight and thickness of the meat.

  2. Baking: Air fryers can also be used for baking, making them a versatile kitchen appliance. From savory items like muffins, biscuits, or even pizza, to sweet treats like cookies or mini cakes, the air fryer can handle it all. Adjust the temperature and cook time as per the recipe instructions and monitor the doneness of the baked goods for the perfect outcome.

  3. Grilling: Air fryers can create a grilled-like texture on meats and vegetables. Preheat the air fryer to a higher temperature, season your meat or veggies with marinades or spices, and place them in a single layer in the basket. Flip or rotate halfway through to mimic the grill marks. While the result may not be identical to outdoor grilling, it provides a delicious and healthier alternative.

  4. Dehydrating: Air fryers can also be used for dehydrating fruits, vegetables, or even making homemade turkey jerky. Set the temperature to the lowest setting, place the thinly sliced items on the air fryer racks, and let them dry out over several hours. This technique allows you to preserve the flavors and create healthy snacks at home.

Remember to refer to air fryer recipes or online resources for specific techniques and guidelines for different foods. The possibilities are endless with an air fryer, and experimenting with various cooking techniques can help you unlock its full potential.

Cooking foods in an air fryer offers a healthier and convenient way to enjoy crispy and delicious meals. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can cook a wide variety of foods in your air fryer, adjust cooking time, and temperature to achieve the desired results. Whether roasting, baking, grilling, or dehydrating, the air fryer opens up a world of culinary possibilities. With a little practice and experimentation, you’ll soon become a pro at cooking foods in your air fryer and delight friends and family with your tasty creations.


Air fryers have gained immense popularity in recent years due to their ability to cook foods with less oil, resulting in healthier and lower-fat dishes. These countertop appliances use hot air circulation to provide a crispy and golden exterior to foods, mimicking the results of deep-frying. While air fryers offer convenience and healthier cooking options, it is essential to understand the nuances of using them to achieve perfectly cooked meals.

One common issue that users experience while cooking with air fryers is undercooking. Due to the high-powered cooking method and the rapid circulation of hot air, it is easy to underestimate the cooking time for certain foods. Here are some tips to prevent undercooking:

  1. Preheat the air fryer: Just like with an oven, it is crucial to preheat the air fryer to ensure consistent and even cooking. Most air fryers have a preheat function, which should be used before adding food.

  2. Adjust cooking time and temperature: Each air fryer model may vary in terms of heat distribution and efficiency. Start with the recommended cooking time and temperature outlined in the recipe, but be prepared to make adjustments. Increase the cooking time by a few minutes and monitor the food to avoid any undercooking.

  3. Shake or flip the food: To ensure even cooking and prevent undercooked areas, shake the air fryer basket or flip the food halfway through the cooking time. This will allow the hot air to reach all sides and promote uniform cooking.

  4. Use a food thermometer: To accurately determine if the food is cooked through, use a food thermometer. Different foods have varying internal temperature requirements for doneness, such as 165°F (74°C) for chicken, 145°F (63°C) for pork, and 160°F (71°C) for ground meats.

By following these steps, you can minimize the risk of undercooking and ensure your food is thoroughly cooked and safe to eat.


While undercooking can be an issue with air fryers, overcooking is another pitfall to watch out for. The intense heat and fast cooking time can sometimes lead to dry and overly crispy results. Here’s how you can avoid overcooking your air-fried foods:

  1. Pay attention to cooking time and temperature: As mentioned earlier, each air fryer model may have slightly different cooking times and temperatures. It is essential to carefully follow the recommended settings in the recipe you’re using. However, as you become more familiar with your air fryer’s performance, you can make slight adjustments based on previous experiences.

  2. Monitor cooking progress: Keep a close eye on your food while it’s cooking. Some air fryers have transparent lids or windows that allow you to peek inside without interrupting the cooking process. Regularly check on the food to ensure it doesn’t become overly browned or dry.

  3. Choose the right size: Ensure that the size of the food you’re cooking matches the capacity of your air fryer. Overcrowding the air fryer basket can lead to uneven cooking and potential overcooking of certain parts. If necessary, cook food in multiple batches to maintain proper airflow and ensure even cooking.

  4. Use oil sparingly: Although air fryers require less oil compared to traditional frying methods, using too much oil can still result in overly greasy and overcooked foods. Follow the recipe guidelines for oil usage, or consider using oil sprays or a brush to evenly coat the food with a minimal amount of oil.

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By being mindful of cooking time, temperature, and closely monitoring the cooking progress, you can avoid overcooking and enjoy perfectly cooked air-fried meals.

Checking For Doneness Of Foods

Unlike traditional ovens or stovetops, air fryers cook food quickly. While this is advantageous, it also means that it’s essential to know how to check for doneness correctly. Here are methods to ensure your food is cooked to perfection:

  1. Visual cues: Pay close attention to the food’s appearance. Use the recipe’s guidelines and compare the color and texture of your food with the desired outcome. For example, if you’re cooking chicken, it should have a golden-brown exterior and be opaque in the center.

  2. Fork or knife test: Inserting a fork or knife into the thickest part of the food can provide an indication of its doneness. For meat items like steak or chicken, the fork or knife should easily slide in, and the juices should run clear. Be careful not to pierce through the food excessively, as this can lead to loss of juices and potential dryness.

  3. Food thermometer: Using a food thermometer is the most accurate way to determine if food is cooked thoroughly. Insert the thermometer into the thickest part of the food, away from any bones or fat. Refer to food safety guidelines for the recommended internal temperatures for different types of food.

  4. Resting time: After removing food from the air fryer, allow it to rest for a few minutes. Resting helps distribute the juices evenly and allows residual heat to finish the cooking process. This is particularly important for meats as it helps retain juiciness.

By utilizing these methods, you can ensure that your food is cooked to the right temperature and consistency, resulting in delicious and safe meals.

When Things Go Wrong

Despite taking precautions, there may still be instances where things don’t go as planned while cooking with an air fryer. Here are some common issues and troubleshooting tips:

  1. Food sticking to the basket: To prevent food from sticking to the air fryer basket, it is essential to use a light layer of oil or cooking spray. Consider preheating the air fryer for a few minutes before adding the food, as this can create a non-stick surface. Additionally, avoid overcrowding the basket, as this can lead to food becoming stuck together.

  2. Uneven cooking: If you notice that your food is cooking unevenly, it could be due to overcrowding the basket. Ensure that there is enough space for the hot air to circulate around the food. If needed, cook in smaller batches to maintain consistent cooking results.

  3. Excessive smoke: Excessive smoke can be caused by several factors, including cooking heavily seasoned or marinated foods, using high-fat oils, or remnants of burnt food from previous cooking sessions. To reduce smoke, try adjusting the cooking time and temperature, removing excess marinade from the food, or cleaning any accumulated grease or residue from the air fryer.

  4. Burnt or overly crispy exterior: If your food is coming out with a burnt or overly crispy exterior, it could mean that the temperature is too high or the cooking time is too long. Reduce the temperature slightly and monitor the cooking process more closely to prevent overcooking.

Remember, practice and experimentation will help you become more proficient in using your air fryer and troubleshooting any issues that may arise. Don’t get discouraged if you encounter setbacks along the way.

Tips For Cooking Foods In An Air Fryer

Here are some valuable tips to enhance your experience and achieve fantastic results when cooking foods in an air fryer:

  1. Preheat the air fryer: Always preheat the air fryer before cooking. This ensures that the food starts cooking immediately and helps achieve the desired texture and browning.

  2. Use a light coating of oil: While air fryers require less oil than traditional cooking methods, a light coating of oil can enhance the flavor and crispiness of the food. Use oils with high smoke points like canola, vegetable, or avocado oil and apply them using a spray bottle or brush.

  3. Avoid overcrowding: To ensure even cooking, avoid overcrowding the air fryer basket. Allow enough space for the hot air to circulate around the food, promoting proper browning and cooking.

  4. Shake or flip the food: To achieve uniform results, shake the air fryer basket or flip the food halfway through the cooking process. This ensures that all sides of the food receive equal heat and helps avoid any undercooked or overcooked areas.

  5. Experiment with seasonings and coatings: Air fryers provide a fantastic opportunity to be creative with seasonings and coatings. Explore different spice blends, breadcrumbs, or batter mixtures to add texture and flavor to your dishes.

  6. Precook certain ingredients: Some foods benefit from precooking before air frying. For example, parboiling potatoes or partially cooking chicken wings can help ensure they are fully cooked without overcooking the exterior.

  7. Clean the air fryer regularly: Regular cleaning is pivotal to maintain the performance and lifespan of your air fryer. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning, and ensure that the removable parts are washed thoroughly to remove any accumulated grease or residue.

  8. Use parchment paper or aluminum foil: To prevent delicate or smaller foods from falling through the basket or sticking, consider using parchment paper or aluminum foil. Make sure to cut it to fit the basket properly and perforate it to allow air circulation.

  9. Flip or pat dry food: Before adding food to the air fryer, pat it dry with a paper towel to remove excess moisture. This helps achieve a crispy exterior. For foods like chicken wings or fries, lightly coating them with oil before air frying can also enhance crispiness.

  10. Be mindful of cooking time and temperature: While recipes provide a starting point, be aware that individual air fryers may have slight variations in temperature and cooking efficiency. Monitor the cooking process and make adjustments accordingly.

  11. Get creative: Air fryers can do much more than just frying. Explore various cooking techniques such as grilling, roasting, baking, or even making desserts. Experimentation is key to discovering new possibilities with your air fryer.


Cooking foods in an air fryer can be a game-changer for creating healthier meals without compromising on taste and texture. By familiarizing yourself with the nuances of using an air fryer and following the tips mentioned in this article, you can overcome challenges such as undercooking or overcooking and produce delicious and perfectly cooked dishes.

Remember to be patient as you develop your skills with an air fryer, as practice will result in improved cooking techniques and better understanding of your specific air fryer model. Enjoy experimenting with different recipes and ingredients, and have fun exploring the versatility of cooking foods in an air fryer.


What Is An Air Fryer And How Does It Work?

An air fryer is a kitchen appliance that uses high-speed hot air circulation to cook food. It works by circulating hot air around the food, similar to a convection oven, to create a crispy outer layer without needing to use a lot of oil.

What Kinds Of Food Can I Cook In An Air Fryer?

You can cook a wide variety of foods in an air fryer, including vegetables, meats, seafood, and even desserts. Some popular items to cook in an air fryer are french fries, chicken wings, and roasted vegetables.

Do I Need To Preheat The Air Fryer Before Cooking?

Yes, it is recommended to preheat the air fryer before cooking, just like a traditional oven. This ensures that the hot air is evenly distributed and will help achieve a crispy and evenly cooked result.

Can I Use Aluminum Foil Or Parchment Paper In An Air Fryer?

Yes, you can use aluminum foil or parchment paper in an air fryer, but it is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations and not cover the entire bottom of the fryer. These can be used to line the basket or as a barrier between food and the basket to prevent sticking and promote easier clean-up.

Is An Air Fryer A Healthier Alternative To Traditional Frying?

While an air fryer does use less oil than traditional frying methods, it is not considered a completely healthy alternative. The food itself and the type of oil used also play a role in the overall healthiness of the dish. However, using an air fryer can help reduce the overall calorie and fat intake of fried foods.