[FULL GUIDE] How Long To Cook Scallops In Oven

Scallops are a delectable and versatile seafood delicacy that can be cooked in a variety of ways, including baking them in the oven. Cooking scallops in the oven is a simple and convenient method, yielding tender and succulent results. However, achieving the perfect texture and flavor requires a precise cooking time and careful preparation. This article will explore the process of cooking scallops in the oven, covering everything from selecting the right scallops to preparing and cooking them to perfection.

Quick Answer: How Long To Cook Scallops In The Oven

Cooking scallops in the oven generally takes approximately 10-15 minutes, depending on the size and thickness of the scallops. It is essential to ensure that they are not overcooked to maintain their delicate texture. The precise cooking time can vary based on the specific recipe and the oven temperature, which will be further detailed in the subsequent sections.

Choosing Scallops

When it comes to cooking scallops in the oven, selecting the right type of scallops is crucial. There are two main types of scallops: bay scallops and sea scallops. Sea scallops, which are larger and sweeter in flavor, are ideal for oven baking due to their size and meatiness. They typically range from 1 1/2 to 2 inches in diameter and are readily available at most seafood markets and grocery stores. Sea scallops are sold both fresh and frozen, and while fresh scallops are preferable, high-quality frozen sea scallops can also yield excellent results when properly thawed.

When choosing sea scallops for oven cooking, it is important to consider their freshness. Look for scallops that are ivory or pinkish in color, with a mild, sweet aroma. Avoid scallops that have a strong fishy odor, as this may indicate that they are not fresh. Additionally, opt for dry-packed scallops, as they do not contain added liquids or preservatives and will caramelize more effectively during cooking.

Preparing Scallops

Before cooking scallops in the oven, it is essential to properly prepare them to ensure optimal flavor and texture. The following steps outline the preparation process for scallops:

Thawing Frozen Scallops

If using frozen scallops, it is crucial to thaw them thoroughly before cooking. The best method for thawing scallops is to place them in the refrigerator overnight. If time is limited, they can be thawed more quickly by placing them in a resealable plastic bag and submerging the bag in cold water for approximately 30 minutes. Once thawed, pat the scallops dry with paper towels to remove excess moisture, ensuring that they are completely dry before cooking.

Removing The Side Muscle

Most sea scallops will have a small, tough side muscle attached to the side of the meat. This side muscle should be removed before cooking, as it can become tough and chewy. To remove the side muscle, simply grasp it firmly with your fingers and pull it away from the scallop. It should detach easily, leaving the scallop ready for cooking.

Seasoning The Scallops

Seasoning the scallops appropriately before baking them in the oven can enhance their natural flavors. A simple seasoning with salt and pepper is often sufficient, allowing the sweet, delicate taste of the scallops to shine through. However, some recipes may call for additional herbs or spices, such as garlic, thyme, or paprika, to complement the overall dish. Ensure that the scallops are seasoned on both sides for even flavor distribution.

Oven Temperature For Cooking Scallops

The oven temperature plays a crucial role in achieving perfectly cooked scallops. A moderate to high oven temperature is recommended to ensure that the scallops cook quickly and evenly while developing a delicious caramelized crust. Preheating the oven is essential to maintain a consistent and optimal temperature throughout the cooking process. The following guidelines provide insight into the ideal oven temperature for cooking scallops:

Oven Preheating

Preheat the oven to 425°F (220°C) for a golden sear and a tender, succulent interior. The high heat will quickly brown the scallops, creating a caramelized exterior while preserving the delicate texture inside.

Baking Time

The baking time for scallops at 425°F (220°C) typically ranges from 10-15 minutes, depending on the size and thickness of the scallops. It is essential to monitor the cooking process closely to avoid overcooking, as overcooked scallops can become rubbery and lose their natural sweetness. The scallops are ready when they turn opaque and slightly firm to the touch, with a golden-brown crust on the surface.

Using A Baking Sheet Or Ovenproof Pan

When baking scallops in the oven, it is advisable to use a baking sheet or ovenproof pan lined with parchment paper or lightly coated with oil. This will prevent the scallops from sticking to the surface and facilitate easy removal after cooking. Ensure that the scallops are spaced evenly on the baking sheet or pan to allow for uniform cooking and browning.

Cooking scallops in the oven is a delightful way to savor the natural sweetness and delicate texture of this gourmet seafood. By carefully selecting high-quality sea scallops, properly thawing and seasoning them, and utilizing the appropriate oven temperature, you can create a delectable dish that is both simple and elegant. Remember to keep a close eye on the baking time to achieve tender, succulent scallops with a beautifully golden crust. Whether served as an appetizer, main course, or part of a seafood medley, oven-baked scallops are sure to impress with their exquisite flavor and effortless preparation.

Oven Cooking Time For Cooking Scallops

Scallops are a delicacy loved by seafood enthusiasts. Their tender texture and delicate flavor make them the ideal choice for a gourmet meal. While commonly cooked on the stovetop, you can also achieve excellent results by cooking scallops in the oven. This cooking method allows for even heat distribution and a hands-free cooking experience, making it perfect for those looking to multitask while preparing their meal.

To achieve the perfect oven-baked scallops, it is essential to consider factors such as cooking time, temperature, and techniques.

The cooking time for scallops in the oven depends on various factors, including the size and thickness of the scallops, as well as the desired level of doneness. As a general guideline, it is recommended to cook scallops for about 10-15 minutes. However, it is important to remember that these times are approximate, and the actual cooking time may vary.

To determine the precise cooking time, you can follow a rule of thumb: cook scallops for about 10 minutes per inch of thickness. This means that if your scallops are 1/2 inch thick, you should cook them for around 5 minutes, while 3/4 inch thick scallops would require approximately 7-8 minutes.

How To Cook Scallops In Oven

Cooking scallops in the oven is a straightforward process that results in a flavorful and succulent dish. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Preheat the oven: Start by preheating your oven to a high temperature, around 425°F (218°C). This high heat will ensure that the scallops cook quickly and develop a golden brown crust while remaining tender on the inside.

  2. Prepare the scallops: Rinse the scallops under cold water and pat them dry with paper towels. It is important to ensure that the scallops are clean and free from any excess moisture to promote browning and prevent steaming.

  3. Season the scallops: Season the scallops to your preference. You can simply use salt and pepper for a classic flavor or experiment with other seasonings such as garlic, paprika, or lemon zest. Be mindful not to overpower the delicate taste of the scallops.

  4. Grease the baking dish: Lightly grease a baking dish or line it with parchment paper. This step will prevent the scallops from sticking to the dish during cooking.

  5. Arrange the scallops: Lay the scallops evenly in the baking dish, ensuring that there is enough space between each scallop to promote even cooking and browning. Avoid overcrowding the dish as this can lead to steaming and prevent proper browning.

  6. Cook the scallops: Once the oven is preheated, place the baking dish with the scallops on the center rack. Cook the scallops for the recommended time, which is typically around 10-15 minutes. Keep a close eye on the scallops and check for their doneness by observing their appearance and texture.

  7. Test for doneness: To test if the scallops are cooked to perfection, gently press one with your finger. If it feels firm but still slightly springy, they are ready. Overcooking scallops can result in a rubbery texture, so it is crucial to avoid leaving them in the oven for too long.

  8. Remove from the oven: Once the scallops are cooked, carefully remove the baking dish from the oven using oven mitts or heat-resistant gloves. Allow the scallops to rest for a couple of minutes before serving to ensure maximum tenderness.

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Cooking Techniques

To enhance the flavor and texture of your oven-baked scallops, you can consider using different cooking techniques. Here are a few options to explore:

Seared Scallops

For a restaurant-quality seared texture on your scallops, follow these steps:

  1. Heat a cast-iron skillet or oven-safe skillet over high heat on the stovetop.

  2. Add a high smoke point oil, such as canola or grapeseed oil, to the skillet and allow it to heat until shimmering but not smoking.

  3. Place the seasoned scallops in the skillet, making sure to leave enough space between each scallop.

  4. Sear the scallops for about 1-2 minutes on each side until they develop a golden brown crust.

  5. Transfer the skillet to the preheated oven and continue cooking for the remaining recommended time.

Bacon-Wrapped Scallops

To add an extra layer of flavor to your scallops, you can wrap them in bacon. Here’s how:

  1. Precook the bacon: Partially cook bacon until it is still flexible but not yet crispy.

  2. Wrap the scallops: Take a strip of partially cooked bacon and wrap it around each scallop, securing it with a toothpick if necessary.

  3. Bake the scallops: Follow the regular steps mentioned earlier to cook the scallops in the oven, adjusting the cooking time as needed to ensure the bacon is fully cooked.

Gratinéed Scallops

For a decadent and cheesy scallop dish, you can prepare gratinéed scallops:

  1. Season the scallops: Season the scallops with salt and pepper.

  2. Prepare the topping: In a separate bowl, mix together breadcrumbs, grated cheese (such as Parmesan or Gruyère), melted butter, and your choice of herbs or spices.

  3. Arrange the scallops: Place the seasoned scallops in a greased baking dish and sprinkle the topping mixture evenly over the scallops.

  4. Bake the scallops: Follow the regular steps mentioned earlier to cook the scallops in the oven, adjusting the cooking time slightly to allow for the addition of the gratin topping.

Do I Need To Use Foil?

The use of foil when cooking scallops in the oven is a matter of personal preference. While it is not necessary, some individuals find that using foil can help prevent the scallops from drying out.

If you choose to use foil, here’s how to do it:

  1. Tear off a piece of aluminum foil large enough to cover your baking dish.

  2. Lightly grease the foil to prevent sticking.

  3. Place the scallops in the baking dish as usual.

  4. Cover the baking dish with the greased foil, crimping the edges tightly to create a seal.

  5. Proceed with the regular cooking instructions, adjusting the cooking time if needed.

Using foil can create a steamy environment that helps retain moisture. However, it may also prevent the scallops from browning as they would when exposed directly to the high heat of the oven. Therefore, it’s important to strike a balance based on your desired outcome.

Cooking scallops in the oven is a simple and effective way to achieve delicious and tender scallop dishes. By following the recommended cooking times, seasoning the scallops to your preference, and using different techniques, you can create a variety of flavorful dishes that will impress your guests.

Remember to keep a close eye on the scallops while they cook to avoid overcooking, as this can result in a rubbery texture. With practice and a touch of creativity, oven-baked scallops can become a staple in your culinary repertoire, allowing you to enjoy this exquisite seafood delicacy in the comfort of your own home.

Cooking Times For Frozen Scallops

Scallops are versatile and delicious seafood that can be prepared in a variety of ways. While they can be cooked on the stovetop or grilled, cooking scallops in the oven is a popular option as it allows for a hands-off cooking method with consistent results. However, determining the right cooking time and temperature for scallops in the oven can be challenging, as these delicate mollusks can quickly become overcooked and tough.

If you’re working with frozen scallops, it’s important to first properly thaw them before cooking. Thawing the scallops allows for even cooking and prevents the development of a rubbery texture. To thaw frozen scallops, place them in the refrigerator overnight or submerge them in cold water for about 30 minutes.

Once the scallops are thawed, you can proceed to cook them in the oven. The cooking times for frozen scallops can vary depending on their size and thickness. As a general guideline, you can cook frozen scallops at a temperature of 400°F (200°C) for 15-20 minutes. However, it’s crucial to monitor them closely during the cooking process to prevent overcooking. The key is to look for a golden brown crust on the outside while maintaining a tender and juicy interior.

Adjusting Oven Temperature For Cooking Scallops

The oven temperature plays a crucial role in the cooking process and can greatly affect the texture and flavor of the scallops. While a temperature of 400°F (200°C) is commonly suggested, it’s important to consider the thickness of the scallops and personal preferences.

For thinner scallops, you may opt for a higher oven temperature, such as 425°F (220°C). The higher temperature helps to quickly sear the outside of the scallops, creating a delicious caramelized crust while ensuring they remain tender on the inside. Thicker scallops, on the other hand, may require a lower temperature, such as 375°F (190°C), to allow for more even cooking without overcooking the outer layers.

Adjusting the oven temperature not only ensures optimum texture but also allows for customization based on personal preference. Experimenting with different temperatures will help you find the sweet spot and achieve the desired level of browning, caramelization, and juiciness.

Adjusting Oven Cook Times For Cooking Scallops

Along with the oven temperature, the cook time for scallops is another critical factor to consider. The precise cook time can vary depending on the size and thickness of the scallops, as well as your desired level of doneness.

As a general guideline, it’s recommended to cook fresh scallops in the oven for about 10-12 minutes. However, factors such as the thickness of the scallops and the temperature of the oven can affect this cooking time.

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Thinner scallops may require a slightly shorter cooking time of around 8-10 minutes, while larger and thicker scallops may need a few extra minutes. It’s essential to regularly check the scallops during cooking to prevent them from becoming rubbery and overcooked. The scallops are cooked when they turn opaque and can be easily pierced with a fork.


While it’s essential to avoid overcooking scallops to prevent them from becoming tough, undercooking them also poses certain risks. Consuming undercooked seafood can lead to foodborne illnesses caused by bacteria or parasites present in raw or undercooked seafood.

Therefore, it’s crucial to ensure that the internal temperature of scallops reaches at least 145°F (63°C) to ensure food safety. You can check the internal temperature using a meat thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the scallop. If the scallops are not cooked through, return them to the oven for a few additional minutes until they reach the safe temperature.

Cooking scallops in the oven provides a convenient and reliable method for preparing these delectable mollusks. By adjusting the oven temperature and cook time, you can achieve a perfectly cooked scallop with a caramelized crust and a tender, juicy interior.

When working with frozen scallops, it's important to thaw them properly before cooking. The recommended cooking time and temperature for frozen scallops is 400°F (200°C) for 15-20 minutes, but close monitoring is crucial to prevent overcooking.

Adjusting the oven temperature based on the thickness of the scallops allows for a more tailored cooking process. Thinner scallops may need a higher temperature, while thicker scallops benefit from a lower temperature to ensure even cooking.

The cook time for fresh scallops is typically around 10-12 minutes at the recommended oven temperature. However, it's important to adjust the cooking time based on the scallop's thickness and your desired level of doneness.

Above all, ensuring that scallops reach a safe internal temperature of at least 145°F (63°C) is crucial to prevent foodborne illnesses associated with undercooked seafood. Regularly checking the internal temperature using a meat thermometer will provide reassurance in achieving a perfectly cooked scallop.

With these guidelines, you can confidently cook scallops in the oven, enjoying their delicate flavor and tender texture with each bite.


Scallops are a deliciously tender seafood that can be enhanced with different flavours and textures. They are also one of the easiest seafood to cook in the oven. It’s easy to make them pretty, delicious and healthy all at the same time with just a little bit of seasoning. All you really need to remember is not to overcook them.

The first rule of cooking scallops is to never overcook them. Scallops are naturally tender and juicy when cooked properly. Overcooking them results in a rubbery texture and a loss of flavour. No one wants to eat a rubbery scallop, so it’s essential to watch them carefully while they’re in the oven.

There are a few indicators to tell if a scallop is cooked correctly. A properly cooked scallop should be translucent, not opaque, and slightly firm to the touch. If it feels rubbery or overly tough, it is overcooked.

When Things Go Wrong

Overcooked scallops are unfortunate, but it’s not the end of the world. If you overcook your scallops, you can still rescue them. There are a few ways to save an overcooked scallop.

One way is to soak overcooked scallops in milk. The acid in the milk will help to tenderize and break down the proteins in the scallop. Soak them for around 20 or 30 minutes. Afterward, rinse them well before cooking them again.

Another option to save overcooked scallops is to add a little bit of white wine to them. The wine will help to moisten the scallops, making them tender again. This technique is especially good if the scallops are dry or tough.

Tips For Cooking Scallops In Oven

Now that you know the risks of overcooking and how to save them when things go wrong, let’s talk about how to cook scallops perfectly in the oven. Here are some tips:

1. Choose The Right Type Of Scallop

When cooking scallops in the oven, you have two choices: bay scallops and sea scallops. The difference between the two is their size. Bay scallops are smaller and sweeter, and sea scallops are larger and brinier. It’s essential to choose the right type of scallop to fit your recipe.

2. Use A High Heat

Scallops need to be cooked quickly over high heat. The high heat will help to create a tender and juicy scallop. Preheat your oven to 425 degrees Fahrenheit.

3. Use A Baking Sheet

Scallops should be cooked in a single layer on a baking sheet. The baking sheet should be lightly oiled or sprayed to prevent the scallops from sticking.

4. Season Lightly

Scallops taste best with simple seasonings. Salt and pepper are the basics, but you can also add some herbs or spices that you like to enhance their flavours.

5. Cook For A Short Time

The baking time for scallops is relatively quick, typically around 10 minutes or so, depending on the size of the scallop. However, the cooking time can vary based on your oven. Watch them closely to prevent overcooking.

6. Check For Doneness

Scallops should be translucent and slightly firm to the touch when done. It’s always better to undercook a scallop slightly, as they will continue to cook as they cool.


Scallops are a delicious seafood that can be cooked simply yet flavourfully in the oven. The key to cooking them perfectly is to not overcook them. Remember that cooking them in the oven over high heat for a short time is the way to go. Choose the right type of scallop, oil your baking sheet, season lightly and keep the cooking time brief. Follow these tips, and you’ll have succulent and juicy scallops in no time.


How Long Should I Cook Scallops In The Oven?

It typically takes around 10-12 minutes to cook scallops in the oven. However, the exact cooking time may vary depending on the thickness of the scallops and the temperature of your oven.

Should I Preheat The Oven Before Cooking Scallops?

Yes, it is important to preheat your oven before cooking scallops. This will ensure that the scallops cook evenly and prevent them from becoming too dry or overcooked.

How Do I Know When Scallops Are Cooked?

When properly cooked, scallops will turn opaque and firm to the touch. You can also use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature, which should be between 120-130 degrees Fahrenheit.

Can I Cook Scallops In The Oven Without Oil Or Butter?

While adding some oil or butter can enhance the flavor of scallops, it is not necessary to cook them in the oven. You can lightly coat the scallops with some non-stick cooking spray or use a non-stick pan to prevent them from sticking.

Are There Any Tips For Ensuring Perfectly Cooked Scallops In The Oven?

There are a few tips to keep in mind when cooking scallops in the oven. Make sure to pat the scallops dry with a paper towel before cooking to remove any excess moisture. Also, do not overcrowd the pan or baking dish, as this can prevent proper browning. Finally, use a high temperature (around 400-450 degrees Fahrenheit) for a short cooking time to prevent overcooking the delicate scallops.